What Is The Locarno Agreement

April 15th, 2021 by

In addition to Stresemann`s personal fame, the signing of the Locarno Pact showed that Germany is gradually being treated as an equal partner in foreign policy. The agreement was concluded with Germany and was not imposed as the Treaty of Versaille. As a result, many moderate Germans had more confidence in Stresemann and the Weimar Republic. The Treaties of Locarno were seven agreements negotiated from 5 to 16 October 1925 in Locarno (Switzerland) and officially signed on 1 December in London, in which Western European allies of the First World War and the new states of Central and Eastern Europe attempted to ensure territorial settlement after the war, in exchange for the normalization of relations with the German Empire (Weimar Republic). It was also said that Germany would never go to war with other countries. Locarno divided Europe`s borders into two categories: the western borders guaranteed by the Locarno contracts and the East German borders with Poland, which were open for revision. The agreements (1) consisted of a contract of mutual guarantees between Germany, Belgium, France, the United Kingdom and Italy; (2) arbitration contracts between Germany and Belgium, as well as between Germany and France; 3. a communication by the former Allies to Germany declaring the application of sanctions against a state, as provided for in Article 16 of the League of Nations Pact; (4) arbitration contracts between Germany and Czechoslovakia, as well as between Germany and Poland; and (5) guarantee contracts between France and Poland, as well as between France and Czechoslovakia. Between 1923 and 1929, Germany experienced a golden age under the Weimar Republic. Leader Gustav Stresemann helped secure U.S. loans for economic reconstruction and international agreements that helped rebuild Germany`s place among the world`s leading nations.

Why were the Stresemann years considered a golden age? The first treaty was the most critical: a mutual guarantee of the borders of Belgium, France and Germany, guaranteed by Great Britain and Italy. The second and third contracts called for arbitration between Germany and Belgium, as well as Germany and France on future disputes. The fourth and fifth were similar arbitration agreements between Germany and Poland, as well as Germany and Czechoslovakia. Poland and Czechoslovakia, in particular, felt threatened by the Locarno agreements, and these treaties were an attempt to reassure them. Thanks to the Dawes plan, Germany has carried out regular repairs. The success of the Locarno Agreements led, in September 1926, to Germany`s accession to the League of Nations, which sits on the Council as a permanent member. [2] The era of a better feeling between the Allies and Germany, initiated by the Dawes Plan and then promoted by the Lord.

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